GUIDA: IL GRES PORCELLANATO

PORCELAIN STONEWARE: CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES

Porcelain tile, lately we hear almost exclusively about this material when choosing a floor covering. But what is porcelain stoneware? What are the characteristics that have made this the material of choice? By what criteria do you choose a stoneware floor?

WHAT IS PORCELAIN STONEWARE?

Let’s start by saying that porcelain stoneware(grès s. m. [from fr. grès ‘ġrè’, propr. “sandstone.” ) is a material resulting from a process of high temperature pressing of various minerals (such as clays, feldspars, sands, etc.). Derivation from naturally occurring materials with high mechanical properties combined with pressing results in an innovative material of high resistance to abrasion, breakage, chemical (and natural) agents, fire and deformation over time typical of other materials such as real wood. Therefore, porcelain stoneware is a suitable material for all kinds of environments (bathroom, living room, kitchen, garage, etc.), both private and commercial.

WHAT EFFECTS CAN BE REPRODUCED?

Innovative technological processes allow any material to be perfectly reproduced on stoneware tiles, such as wood, concrete, stone, marble, metal and even fabric. For superior imitation, multiple graphic prints are printed in a single collection.

WHAT TYPES OF STONEWARE EXIST?

GLAZED PORCELAIN STONEWARE:

Glazed porcelain tiles (GL) are covered on the surface with a layer of glaze, which gives it graphics with different tones, shades and textures. The great advantage of enamel application is the endless graphic varieties that can be applied (wood, marble, concrete, fabric, metal, etc.) and the imitation that can be achieved.

FULL-BODY PORCELAIN STONEWARE:

In contrast, full-body tiles or colored impasto (UGL) tiles are uniform throughout their thickness, that is, the color on the surface is the same as the color inside. In the full-body tiles in the surface, simple processing is carried out with the sole purpose of enhancing the graphics. Unlike glazed porcelain stoneware, in case of surface chipping of the tile, the aesthetics of the product does not change.

GRADE OF SLIP: R10 or R11?

Another element to consider is the degree of slippage. There are different grades: for outdoors, a rougher stoneware floor, R11, is used (indicated where there is a lot of water), and for indoors, an R10. It must be said that R10 is a floor already with high anti-slip performance, thus suitable for bathrooms and even garages. There is always to remember that the higher the degree of anti-slip, the greater the effort during cleaning, as anti-slip is given by a rough texture.

Questions and Answers:

What does Rectified porcelain stoneware mean?

The term “rectified” indicates that the tile has had its edges squared, creating perfectly 90º angles. The rectified tiles thus allow installation with minimal joints, making the floor more homogeneous and uniform.

What are lapped tiles?

Lapping is a sanding process that makes tiles shiny and glossy on the surface, without losing underlying opacity. The aesthetic result is of superior value, at the expense of durability (in case of continuous trampling) and ease of cleaning (of course, this depends on the quality of the tile).

What is meant by stoning?

“Shading” refers to the color and/or surface variation present among tiles in the same collection. In each tile package there are different graphics with different tones. The degree of stonalization starts from V2 (uniform stonalization) to V4 (high stonalization). However, high stonalization can give rise to an appreciable aesthetic effect, especially in large spaces.

What thickness for a driveway floor?

Porcelain tile floors are durable even laid on surfaces where I pass vehicles. Generally for commercial or high-flow spaces, it is recommended to install tiles with a minimum thickness of 1.5/2 cm. For garages or home driveways, even thin tiles can be laid, provided a quality tile is used and installed with flawless installation.

Conclusion

The choice of type of porcelain tile for domestic and commercial use (of normal frequency) is therefore mostly an aesthetic decision. Each type of floor made of stoneware is very durable. However, the quality of raw materials used in production is an extremely important element, for the longevity of the floor and the final aesthetic result. Paoloniceramiche.it features a selection of first-rate porcelain tile floors of the highest technical and aesthetic quality. Each floor is made in Italy, and the levels of imitation effects are amazing. On the flooring page you can also filter products by effect, material, format and more.